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Individual Fraktur letters are sometimes used in mathematics. This tip is about quick way how to paste letters in Fraktur in your document Microsoft Word.

Some popular Fraktur letters:

 
  • Lie algebra is associated with Fraktur g in Word 2016
  • A ring ideal might be denoted by Fraktur a in Word 2016 or Fraktur p in Word 2016, if a prime ideal
  • The Fraktur Fraktur c in Word 2016 is also sometimes used to denote the cardinality of the continuum
  • Power set of the set A is associated also with the Fractur Fraktur P in Word 2016Fraktur P in Word 2016 (A)
  • In the complex numbers:
    • The Fraktur Fraktur R in Word 2016 is associated with the real part of complex number z , Fraktur R in Word 2016 (z)
    • The Fraktur Fraktur J in Word 2016 is associated with the imaginary part of complex number zFraktur J in Word 2016 (z)
  • In model theory, Fraktur A in Word 2016 is used to denote an arbitrary model.

To type the symbols in Fraktur in the Microsoft Word equation (to insert equation into your text, click Alt+=), do one of the following:

 
  • Type \fraktur + capital or lowercase letter:
Fraktur A in Word 2016 \frakturA Fraktur J in Word 2016 \frakturJ Fraktur S in Word 2016 \frakturS
Fraktur B in Word 2016 \frakturB Fraktur K in Word 2016 \frakturK Fraktur T in Word 2016 \frakturT
Fraktur C in Word 2016 \frakturC Fraktur L in Word 2016 \frakturL Fraktur U in Word 2016 \frakturU
Fraktur D in Word 2016 \frakturD Fraktur M in Word 2016 \frakturM Fraktur V in Word 2016 \frakturV
Fraktur E in Word 2016 \frakturE Fraktur N in Word 2016 \frakturN Fraktur W in Word 2016 \frakturW
Fraktur F in Word 2016 \frakturF Fraktur O in Word 2016 \frakturO Fraktur X in Word 2016 \frakturX
Fraktur G in Word 2016 \frakturG Fraktur P in Word 2016 \frakturP Fraktur Y in Word 2016 \frakturY
Fraktur H in Word 2016 \frakturH Fraktur Q in Word 2016 \frakturQ Fraktur Z in Word 2016 \frakturZ
Fraktur I in Word 2016 \frakturI Fraktur R in Word 2016 \frakturR
Fraktur a in Word 2016 - Fraktur z in Word 2016 \fraktura - \frakturz
  • Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Symbols group, click the More button:
    More symbols in Word 2016

    In the top of list of symbols choose Scripts:

    Scripts in equations Word 2016

    In the Scripts list, in the Frakturs group, choose the symbol you prefer:

Fracturs in equations Word 2016
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In mathematics often is used a script Latin alphabet. This tip is about quick way how to paste letters in Script in your Microsoft Word document.

Some more popular letters in Script:

 
  • A basis of a vector space or of a filter denoted by the Script B in Word 2016.
  • Electromotive force (denoted Script E in Word 2016 and measured in volts), refers to voltage,
  • Script H in Word 2016 represents the Hamiltonian in Hamiltonian mechanic.
  • Script L in Word 2016 represents the Lagranian (sometimes just L) or Exposure in particle physics.

To type the symbols in Script in the Microsoft Word equation (to insert equation into your text, click Alt+=), do one of the following:

  • Type \script + capital or lowercase letter:
Script A in Word 2016 - Script Z in Word 2016 \scriptA - \scriptZ
Script a in Word 2016 - Script z in Word 2016 \scripta - \scriptz
  • Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Symbols group, click the More button:
    More symbols in Word 2016

    In the top of list of symbols choose Scripts:

    Scripts in equations Word 2016
     

    In the Scripts list, in the Scripts group, choose the symbol you prefer:

Scripts in equations Word 2016
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This tip shows how to insert an equation for example, one of De Morgan's law.

How to add an equation in your document, see Working with Microsoft Equation.

 

To add operators of Boolean algebra, do the following:

In the Professional presentation:

    1.    Create your own equation.

    2.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Accent button:

Accent formulas in Word 2016

In the Accent list choose Bar:

Bar structure in Accent formulas Word 2016

    3.    In the box:

    3.1.    Enter A.

    3.2.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Symbols group, in the list of symbols choose Union Union symbol in Word 2016.

    3.3.    Enter B.

    4.    Then enter =.

    5.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Accent button and then choose Bar. In the box enter A.

    6.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Symbols group, in the list of symbols choose Intersection Intersection symbol in Word 2016.

    7.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Accent button and then choose Bar. In the box enter B :

A Boolean algebra equation in Word 2016
 

In the Linear presentation:

    1.    Create your own equation.

    2.    Enter (A \cup. Then you enter a space key, this linear formula transformed to the professional format:

A Boolean algebra equation 1 in Word 2016

    3.    Enter B) \bar and then a space bar:

A Boolean algebra equation 2 in Word 2016

    4.    Enter = :

A Boolean algebra equation 3 in Word 2016

    5.    Enter A \bar \cap B \bar. Then you enter a space key, your linear formula transformed to the professional format:

A Boolean algebra equation in Word 2016

See also how to create other types of equations.

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This tip shows how to insert an equation with a limit. For example, the formula of limit.

How to add an equation in your document, see Working with Microsoft Equation.

 

To add a limit to your formula, do the following:

In the Professional presentation:

    1.    Create your own equation.

    2.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Limit and Log drop-down list:

Limit and Log formulas in Word 2016

In the Limit and Log list choose Limit:

Limit structure in Limit and Log formulas Word 2016

    3.    In the limit template:

  • In the lower box enter:
    • x,
    • under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Symbols group, in the list of symbols choose Right Arrow:
      Right Arrow symbol in equations Word 2016
    • under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Symbols group, in the list of symbols choose Infinity:
      Infinity symbol in equations Word 2016
  • In the base right box enter f(x).

    4.    Then enter = L:

An equation with a limit in Word 2016
 

In the Linear presentation:

    1.    Create your own equation.

    2.    Enter one of the following:

  • lim_(x ->
  • lim_(x \to
  • lim_(x \rightarrow

Then you enter a space key, this linear formula transformed to the professional format:

An equation with a limit 1 in Word 2016

    3.    Enter \infty:

An equation with a limit 2 in Word 2016

After clicking a space key, Word will show an infinity symbol:

An equation with a limit 3 in Word 2016

    4.    Enter ) and a space key:

An equation with a limit 4 in Word 2016

    5.    In the base box of limit, enter f (x).

    6.    Enter = L:

An equation with a limit in Word 2016

See also how to create other types of equations.

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This tip shows how to insert an equation with trigonometric functions for example, the Euler's formula.

How to add an equation in your document, see Working with Microsoft Equation.

 

To insert, for example, the Euler's formula, do the following:

In the Professional presentation:

    1.    In your own equation, under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Script button:

Script button in equations Word 2016

In the Script list choose Superscript:

Superscript in equations Word 2016

    2.    In the base box of script enter e.

    3.    In the bottom of the script enter ix.

    4.    Enter =.

    5.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Function button:

Function in equations Word 2016

In the Function list choose Cosine Function:

Cosine Function in equations Word 2016

    6.    In the base box of the trigonometrical function enter x.

    7.    Enter +i.

    8.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Function button and then in the Function list choose Sine Function:

Sine Function in equations Word 2016

    9.    In the base box of the trigonometrical function enter x:

An equation with trigonometric functions in Word 2016
 

In the Linear presentation:

    1.    In your own equation enter e^(ix) and then press the space bar.

When you press a space key, this linear formula transformed to the professional format:

An equation with trigonometric functions 1 in Word 2016

    2.    Enter =.

    3.    Enter cos and then press the space bar:

An equation with trigonometric functions 2 in Word 2016

    4.    Enter x and then click right arrow to leave the base box of the Cosine function.

    5.    Enter +i and a space, then enter sin and a space again.

Then you press the space key, second part of your linear formula transformed to the professional format:

An equation with trigonometric functions 3 in Word 2016

    6.    Enter x:

An equation with trigonometric functions in Word 2016

See also how to create other types of equations.

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This tip shows how to insert an equation with a system of linear equations (or linear system) – a collection of two or more linear equations involving the same set of variables.

How to add an equation in your document, see Working with Microsoft Equation.

 

To insert a system of linear equations, do the following

In the Professional presentation:

    1.    In your own equation, enter f (x)=.

    2.    Under Equation Tools, on the Design tab, in the Structures group, click the Bracket button:

Bracket button in equations Word 2016

In the Bracket list, under Cases and Stacks, choose Cases (Two Conditions):

Superscript in equations Word 2016

    3.    In every box, enter the appropriate formula, for example:

A system of linear equations or linear system in Word 2016

To insert a new line for this system of linear equations, just click Enter:

A new line for the system of linear equations or linear system in Word 2016
 

In the Linear presentation:

    1.    In your own equation enter f (x) = {.

    2.    Enter \eqarray to start a system of linear equations. Then you enter a space key, this linear formula transformed to the professional format:

A system of linear equations or linear system 1 in Word 2016

    3.    In the brackets enter formulas with symbols @ that divide rows in the linear system:

A system of linear equations or linear system 2 in Word 2016

    4.    Enter \close to end the system of linear equations:

A system of linear equations or linear system 3 in Word 2016

Then you enter a space key, the formula transformed to the professional format:

A system of linear equations or linear system in Word 2016

See also how to create other types of equations.

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When you create a document with different page orientations (see How to use different page orientations inside one document), you might need to create different headers and / or footers for pages with portrait and landscape orientation.

You can create different headers and footers for every Section in your document (see Working with headers and footers). When you choose a different page orientation, you need to create a different section (see How to use different page orientations inside one document). By default, Word automatically show headers and footers Same as Previous for all sections:

 
Different sections in one document Word 2016

To create a different header and / or footer for the next section of your document, do the following:

    1.    Select the header or footer of the section, for which you want to change the header or footer (in the example, Section 2).

    2.    Under Header & Footer Tools, on the Design tab, in the Navigation group, uncheck the Link to Previous button (by default this button is highlighted):

Link to Previous section in Word 2016
 

Word will show the empty header or footer. So, you can create a different one for the current Section, for example:

Footers for different sections in Word 2016

Note: All next sections in your document by default will show the header and/or footer from the current section. If you prefer to see the same header and/or footer for all sections with portrait orientation, you need to repeat customization or copy it from the other section with the same orientation:

Footers for different sections 2 in Word 2016

See also How to create different headers and footers on odd and even pages.

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In Microsoft Word you can create documents with different levels of complexity. Some documents may contain pages with images, tables, etc. for which you need to hide or even skip page numbers. To skip page numbers for some pages, see How to skip page numbers for some pages in the Word document.

When you add page numbers to the header or footer of your document (see Working with headers and footers), Word adds page numbers for all pages of your document (including or excluding the first page, depends on the option Different first page).

 

To hide page numbers for some pages, you need to add formula instead of all text that you want to hide:

{ IF “Expression1” Operator “Expression2” “Text if formula is TRUE” “Text if formula is FALSE”}

For example, if you need to hide the page number of page 7:

Page number to hide in Word 2016

    1.    Instead of the automatically added page numbers, click Ctrl+F9 to add the special brackets:

The special brackets for fields in Word 2016

    2.    Enter IF and then again click Ctrl+9 to add PAGE field to get the current page number:

The formula in field 1 in Word 2016

    3.    Enter <> (not equal) and then number of the page in quotes that you want to hide, in this example, "7" :

The formula in field 2 in Word 2016

    4.    Add the text that you want to see for pages with number not equal 7 in quotes:

The formula in field 3 in Word 2016
 

You can add text for the page number 7 (Text if formula is FALSE) in quotes, if necessary.

    5.    Format text in quotes if needed, for example:

The formula in field in Word 2016

    6.    Right-click on the field and choose Toggle Field Codes:

Toggle Field Codes in Word 2016

So, you will see numbers for all pages, excluding the page number 7 :

Hidden page number in Word 2016

See also:

  • How to include the total number of pages along with the current page number,
  • How to show the correct number of pages.
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Some Microsoft Word documents may contain pages with images, tables, etc. for which you need to hide or even skip page numbers. You can create different sections and add page numbering just for some of them (see How to create different headers and footers for pages with portrait and landscape orientation), but Word can’t skip any page for numbering.

For example, if you need to hide the page number of page 7:

 
Page number to hide in Word 2016

To skip page numbers for some pages, you need to add formulas instead of standard page numbers:

{ IF “Expression1” Operator “Expression2” “Text if formula is TRUE” “Text if formula is FALSE”}

For this example, to simplify a logic, create 2 different formulas for pages before 7 and after 7 :

    1.    First formula – for pages before 7 :

    1.1.    Click Ctrl+F9 to add the special brackets:

The special brackets for fields in Word 2016

    1.2.    Enter IF and then again click Ctrl+9 to add PAGE field to get the current page number:

The formula 1 in field 1 in Word 2016

    1.3.    Enter < (less than) and then number of the page in quotes that you want to skip, in this example, "7" :

The formula 1 in field 2 in Word 2016

    1.4.    Add the text that you want to see for pages before 7 in quotes:

The formula 1 in field 3 in Word 2016

    2.    Second formula – for pages after 7 :

 

    2.1.    Click Ctrl+F9 to add the special brackets.

    2.2.    Enter IF and then again click Ctrl+9 to add PAGE field to calculate the current page number.

    2.3.    Enter > (greater than) and then number of the page in quotes that you want to skip, in this example, "7" :

The formula 2 in field 1 in Word 2016

    2.4.    In quotes:

  • Add the text that you want to see for pages before 7.
  • Instead of the current page number, you need to calculate the page number, excluding skipped pages. For this example:
The formula 2 in field 2 in Word 2016

    3.    Format text in quotes if necessary, for example:

The formulas in Word 2016

    4.    To show the result of your formulas, do one of the following:

  • Select formulas and click Alt+F9,
  • Right-click on each field and choose Toggle Field Codes:
Toggle Field Codes in Word 2016

So, you will see numbers of pages, skipping the page number 7 :

Page before number 7 in Word 2016
Page after number 7 in Word 2016

See also:

  • How to include the total number of pages along with the current page number,
  • How to show the correct number of pages.
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When you create a shape in your document, it is created with the default style and any text that you type has the default font.

In Word 2016:

 
  • the default style is defined by the default theme - blue shape with blue borders and white font;
  • default font for shapes is called Calibri, at a font size of 11 points.

To change the default style and/or font for shapes, follow the next steps:

    1.    Create a new shape in your document:

On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click on the Shapes drop-down list and then select any shape you prefer:

Shapes in Word 2016

Word will add the shape with the default style:

Basic Shape in Word 2016

    2.    Apply any formatting. You can change the fill color or add an effect, change the text color, style, or weight of a line, or make any other changes.

For example:

Formatted shape in Word 2016

    3.    Select the shape, right-click the border, and then click Set as Default Shape on the popup menu:

Default shape in Word 2016
 

Next time you add a new shape, Word will use the formatting you applied:

New shape in Word 2016
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